Peru is the third largest country in South America in terms of area, and there are also large differences within the country, both in terms of topography and landscapes. The coast is a dry desert; it is protected by the Andean mountain ranges, the Eastern, Western and Central Cordillera, which account for a third of the total area of Peru; From the eastern slopes of the Andes begins the third zone, a rainforest area divided by rivers.
While Lima on the Peruvian coast represents the modern capital of the colonial period, Cusco, located at an altitude of 3,300 meters inland, is reminiscent of the glorious period of the Inca Empire. The mystical Machu Picchu of the Incas, a long-lost ruined city, has been voted one of the seven new wonders of the world.
Peru. The election year 2011 was filled with political drama in Peru. The second round of the presidential election June 5 was won by the controversial Ollanta Humala with 52% of the votes cast over Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori. Humala’s victory was seen as a sign that the left wave that swept across Latin America in the last decade reached Peru, too, and it was especially the rural poor who made the decision in Humala’s favor. He won big in most poor provinces in the highlands, while Fujimori won in the metropolitan area around Lima. Humala was sworn in as Peru’s 94th president on July 28.
However, the fears of a radical left-wing revolution under Humala, which was partly due to possible ties to the extreme ethnocentrism represented by Brother Antauro, came to shame. Although Humala repeated his promises of poverty reduction and social change, his usual nationalist rhetoric was transformed into a more modest consensus-seeking image during the election campaign.
In Congress, however, Humala’s coalition Gana Perú had only 36% of seats, and his attempt to form an alliance with Perú Posible to secure a majority position failed.
According to Countryaah official site, the government’s position was also weakened by the conflict over the gold and copper mine of Conga in the province of Cajamarca. US mining company Newmont Mining’s plans to invest $ 5 billion in the mine, the largest investment in the mineral industry in Peru’s history, were met by violent protests from the local population that were concerned about the project’s environmental impact. Humala, which has hitherto highlighted the mining industry as Peru’s main growth engine and source of income for social reform, was forced on November 29 to stop all operations at Conga.
However, continued protests in early December led to the government declaring a three-month disaster state in the region. It all led to the resignation of Prime Minister Salomón Lerner on December 10, after which the entire government also resigned. Lerner was replaced by Oscar Valdés.
The coastal area is almost rainless with average temperatures of 20 to 26 ° C. In the Sierra, however, there is abundant rainfall throughout the year with annual mean temperatures of 9 ° C.