The Europa League, in the English Europe League, is a tournament in football for European men’s club teams, organized since 2009 by the European football association UEFA.
The European League replaced the former UEFA Cup, which was organized from 1971 and followed the 1956 Messebic Cup. In 1999, the European Cup Winner Cup, which was organized from 1961, joined the UEFA Cup.
As of March 2019, there are no and no plans for a similar league for women.
|Country||Proportion of women (percent)||Fertility rate (number of children born per woman)|
|Albania||49.5 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Armenia||53.0 (2017)||1.6 (2016)|
|Azerbaijan||50.2 (2017)||1.9 (2016)|
|Belgium||50.7 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||50.9 (2017)||1.4 (2016)|
|Bulgaria||51.4 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Cyprus||49.9 (2017)||1.3 (2016)|
|Denmark||50.3 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Estonia||53.1 (2017)||1.6 (2016)|
|Finland||50.7 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|France||50.8 (2017)||2.0 (2016)|
|Georgia||52.3 (2017)||2.0 (2016)|
|Greece||50.8 (2017)||1.3 (2016)|
|Ireland||50.4 (2017)||1.9 (2016)|
|Iceland||49.8 (2017)||1.8 (2016)|
|Italy||51.3 (2017)||1.4 (2016)|
|Croatia||51.8 (2017)||1.4 (2016)|
|Latvia||54.1 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Lithuania||53.9 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Luxembourg||49.7 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Northern Macedonia||50.0 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Malta||49.8 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Moldova||52.0 (2017)||1.2 (2016)|
|Montenegro||50.7 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Netherlands||50.2 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Norway||49.5 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Poland||51.7 (2017)||1.3 (2016)|
|Portugal||52.7 (2017)||1.3 (2016)|
|Romania||51.6 (2017)||1.6 (2016)|
|Russia||53.5 (2017)||1.8 (2016)|
|San Marino||–||1.3 (2012)|
|Switzerland||50.5 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Serbia||51.1 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Slovakia||51.4 (2017)||1.4 (2016)|
|Slovenia||50.3 (2017)||1.6 (2016)|
|Spain||51.0 (2017)||1.3 (2016)|
|UK||50.7 (2017)||1.8 (2016)|
|Sweden||50.0 (2017)||1.9 (2016)|
|Czech Republic||50.8 (2017)||1.6 (2016)|
|Turkey||49.8 (2018)||2.1 (2016)|
|Germany||50.8 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Ukraine||53.8 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Hungary||52.4 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
|Vatican City State||–||–|
|Belarus||53.5 (2017)||1.7 (2016)|
|Austria||51.0 (2017)||1.5 (2016)|
The league’s progress
Qualifying for the Europa League takes place in the national leagues and in national cup tournaments; The participants are the countries’ cup champions and a number of teams from the leagues, usually the second best teams that do not participate in the Champions League qualification (teams eliminated in the third qualifying round of the Champions League will be placed in the UEFA Cup). The European Football Association UEFA allocates places to different countries according to an ingenious seeding system, and the largest countries can have five teams in the UEFA Cup. You can also qualify for the UEFA Cup through other national tournaments (such as the League Cup in England) or through the Intertoto Cup, which is a European summer club club tournament to keep activity in the tipping companies when the football season in Europe usually breaks.
Until 2004, the UEFA Cup was played as a pure cup tournament, but then the tournament also has some form of group play. In the period 2004–09, after qualifying, 40 teams participated in a group game tournament with eight groups with five teams in each. Three teams in each group advanced to the 16-place finals; a total of 24 layers. The last eight teams in the semi-finals were the group coaches from the Champions League groups.
From 2009-2010, a total of 38 teams qualify for the group play. Along with ten teams losing the last qualifying round to the Champions League, there will be a total of 48 teams that meet in 12 groups of four teams. The top two teams from each group (24 teams) move on, and together with the eight third teams from the group play in the Champions League, regular cup games are played until the final.
The UEFA Cup has its precursor in the Messebycupen, which was established in 1955. In the first years, only teams from “trade fairs” (ie cities that organized (trade) fairs) could participate, but this was quickly changed, and the name was also changed to the UEFA Cup in 1971. In 1999 the European Cup Winners Cup (founded 1961) was closed down, and the national cup champions then participated in the UEFA Cup. From the 2009-2010 season is the official name of the UEFA Europa League or the Europa League.
Norwegian teams have participated in the UEFA Cup since its inception, but they have often been knocked out in the preliminary rounds, and in recent years Norwegian teams have had difficulty qualifying for the main tournament. Brann and Rosenborg reached the semi-finals in 2007-2008.
Finals and winners
Until 1997, the cup was decided by the overall result in home and away matches. From 1998 a final match has been arranged.
|1971||Leeds – Juventus||1–1, 2–2 (Leeds won on away goal)|
|1972||Tottenham – Wolverhampton||2–1, 1–1|
|1973||Liverpool – Borussia Mönchengladbach||3–0, 0–2|
|1974||Feyenoord – Tottenham||2–0, 2–2|
|1975||Borussia Mönchengladbach – Twente||5–1, 0–0|
|1976||Liverpool – Bruges||3–2, 1–1|
|1977||Juventus – Athletic Bilbao||1–0, 1–2 (Juventus won on away goal)|
|1978||PSV Eindhoven – Bastia||3–0, 0–0|
|1979||Borussia Mönchengladbach – Red Star Belgrade||1–0, 1–1|
|1980||Eintracht Frankfurt – Borussia Mönchengladbach||1–0, 2–3 (Eintracht won on away goal)|
|1981||Ipswich –AZ Alkmaar||3–0, 2–4|
|1982||IFK Göteborg – Hamburger SV||1–0, 3–0|
|1983||Anderlecht –Benfica||1–0, 1–1|
|1984||Tottenham Anderlecht||1-1, 1-1 (Tottenham won 4-3 on penalty)|
|1985||Real Madrid – Videoton||3–0, 0–1|
|1986||Real Madrid – Cologne||5–1, 0–2|
|1987||IFK Göteborg – Dundee United||1–0, 1–1|
|1988||Bayer Leverkusen –Español||3–0, 0–3 (Bayer Leverkusen won 3–2 at penalty)|
|1989||Naples – Stuttgart||2–1, 3–3|
|1990||Juventus – Fiorentina||3–1, 0–0|
|1991||Inter –Roma||2–0, 0–1|
|1992||Ajax – Torino||0-0, 2-2 (Ajax won at away)|
|1993||Juventus – Borussia Dortmund||3–0, 3–1|
|1996||Bayern Munich – Bordeaux||2–0, 3–1|
|1997||Schalke 04 –Inter||1–0, 0–1 (Schalke won 4–1 at penalty)|
|2000||Galatasaray – Arsenal||0-0 (Galatasaray won 5-4 on penalties)|
|2001||Liverpool – Deportivo Alavés||5–4 (Match decided on “Golden Goal”)|
|2002||Feyenoord – Borussia Dortmund||2.3|
|2003||Porto – Celtic||3–2 (after extra rounds)|
|2004||Valencia – Marseille||2-0|
|2005||CSKA Moscow –Sporting Lisbon||3.1|
|2006||Seville – Middlesbrough||4-0|
|2007||Sevilla-Espanyol||2–2 (Sevilla won 3–1 on penalty)|
|2008||Zenit St. Petersburg – Glasgow Rangers||2-0|
|2009||Shakhtar Donetsk – Werder Bremen||2–1 (after extra rounds)|
|2010||Atlético Madrid – Fulham||2–1 (after extra rounds)|
|2012||Atlético Madrid – Athletic Bilbao||3-0|
|2013||Chelsea – Benfica||2.1|
|2014||Seville – Benfica||0-0 (Sevilla won 4-2 on penalty)|
|2015||Seville – Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk||2.3|
|2017||Ajax – Manchester United||0-2|
Countries of Europe
The countries of Europe are nations that make up the European continent, which is divided into regions according to geographical and economic aspects. As you can see on Countryaah, there are 50 countries in Europe.
European countries correspond to the states located on the European continent. These countries are limited by the Arctic Glacial Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Together they form the second smallest continent in the world, covering an area of approximately 10,180,000 km2 and the fourth most populous with about 741,447,158 inhabitants. European countries have exercised and exercise great political, economic and cultural influence worldwide. There are nations whose economies are among the largest in the world.
European countries are also widely visited by tourists from all over the world. European culture arouses the interest of thousands of travelers from different parts of the planet. Architecture, cuisine, art are strong tourist attractions and among the most visited countries are Italy, Holland, France and Spain.
List of countries in Europe and their capitals
|Andorra||Andorra la Vella|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Saravejo|
|United Kingdom (Sovereign State corresponding to the political union of 4 countries):1) England2) Northern Ireland
|1) London2) Belfast3) Edinburgh
|Russia (territory belonging to Europe and Asia)||Moscow|
|San Marino||San Marino|
|Turkey (territory belonging to Europe and Asia)||Ankara|
How many countries do you have in Europe?
Altogether, there are 50 European countries, remembering that the United Kingdom consists of four countries. All but the Vatican are part of the United Nations.