Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to Countryaah official site, the fragile nation building in the country seemed to threaten to run away when almost all year expired without the country having any government. Only a few days before the New Year, almost 15 months after the October 2010 elections, the leading Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian parties succeeded in agreeing on the distribution of ministerial posts. The Bosnian Croat Party HDZ was awarded the Prime Minister’s post and nominated former Minister of Finance Vjekoslav Bevanda. The lockout meant that almost all of the reform work, and the continued approach to the EU, remained largely silent during the year.
At the same time, one of the semi-autonomous sub-republics was shaken by internal divisions, while the leadership of the other continued to act as if full independence was the goal. In the Bosnian-Croat Federation, Croats did not approve the parliament formed in March, but created a parallel assembly. In the Republic of Srpska, a referendum was called for the sub-republic to withdraw from joint institutions, including courts. The referendum was canceled, but the Bosnian Serbs’ distrust of the intended national cooperation persisted.
For two months in the spring, Bosnia was suspended from international football competitions. The reason was that the country had three leaders for the National Football Association, in violation of the rules of the International Football Association FIFA. The division reflected the political system, with a Bosniak, a Croat and a Serb who alternated. The ban was withdrawn when the rules were changed, and the national team managed to make an emergency call from missing a qualifying match for the European Championship 2012. Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladić was arrested in Serbia in May. Mladić was taken to the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague, where he was charged with crimes against humanity and war crimes during the war in the 1990s. Survivors of the siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre were delighted with the arrest, while some Bosnians rebels demonstrated in support of Mladić.
In September, Serbian Momčilo Perišić was sentenced to 27 years in prison by the War Criminal Tribunal in The Hague for supporting Mladić’s army in murders, persecution and attacks on civilians. The verdict meant that it was the first time a representative of the then Yugoslav army was convicted of war crimes in Bosnia.
Area: 51,129 km2 (world ranking: 125)
Population density: 69 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 132)
Official languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Gross domestic product: 18.2 billion US $; Real growth: 3.0%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 4940 US$
Currency: 1 convertible mark (KM) = 100 Feninga
Ibsenstr. 14, 10439 Berlin
Telephone 030 81471210,
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Head of State: Mladen Ivanic, Head of State: Bakir Izetbegovic, Head of State: Dragan Covic, Head of Government: Denis Zvizdic, Outside: Igor Crnadak
National Day: 1.3. (1992 independence referendum) and 25.11. (Proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1943)
2 territorial units and Brcko district
State and form of government
Constitution of 1995
Parliament: House of Representatives (Predstavnicki dom / Zastupnicki dom) with 42 members (28 from the FBiH, 14 from the RS), election every 4 J.; House of Nations (Dom Naroda) with 15 members (10 from the FBiH, 5 from the RS, appointed by the parliaments of the entities)
Direct election of the 3-member state presidency (1 Bosniak, Croatian, Serbian each; rotating chair every 8 months) every 4 years
Suffrage from 18 years, employed persons from 16 years
Population: last census 2013: 3,473,078 residents 50.1% Bosniaks, 30.8% Serbs, 15.4% Croatian
Cities (with population): Brcko as of 2013: 39,893 residents.
Religions: 51% Muslims, 31% Orthodox, 15% Catholics, etc. (as of 2006)
Languages: Bosnian, Croatian or Serbian; Recognized minority languages: Romani, Albanian, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Italian, German, Czech, Polish, Slovak, Turkish, Romanian, Ruthenian, Ladino, Yiddish
Employed by economic sector: Agriculture 19%, industry 32%, business 49% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 25.6%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 1.3%
Foreign trade: import: 10.3 billion US$ (2017); Export: 6.5 billion US $ (2017)
Bosnia and Herzegovina lies in the transition area between Mediterranean and continental climates. Winters can be very cold and temperatures as low as -20 degrees Celsius are not uncommon. The summers are mostly very hot and the usual temperatures of 30 ° C to almost 40 ° C can be expected. This means there is a risk that forest fires will spread.