Nepal. According to
Countryaah official site, the UN organization UNMIN, which was formed in
2007 to oversee the peace process after the Nepal civil war
for a year, was dissolved by the Security Council in
January. After prolonging UNMIN's mandate several times, the
UN tired of the Nepali politicians failing to implement all
the points of the peace agreement, the most important of
which is that the Maoist guerrillas 19,000 soldiers should
be included in the national defense forces. This could not
have happened because the army leadership and the important
Congress party did not want to see any Maoists in the army.
A week later, the Maoists formally gave up the
responsibility for their soldiers, who were, however,
allowed to remain in their posts where they were locked up
for four years, waiting for a parliamentary committee to
resolve their future.
In February, Parliament succeeded in electing a new prime
minister, Jhalanath Khanal from the left-wing United Marxist
Leninists. For more than seven months, Nepal had lived with
an expedition minister since the previous government fell on
its inability to enforce the new constitution provided for
by the peace treaty. By May 28, the constitution would be
ready after the deadline was extended by one year in 2010,
but at the last moment, MPs gave themselves another
But even now the politicians failed to agree on the
wording, which caused Khanal to resign in August. This time,
however, they managed to agree more quickly on a new prime
minister. After only two weeks, the Maoist Party's
Vice-President Baburam Bhattarai received enough support to
form a new government.
After Bhattarai's accession, Parliament gave itself a
"last" three-month deadline to write the new constitution
that has always been the constituent assembly's most
important task. A first success was noted in early November,
when a large majority of members agreed on a plan for the
19,000 Maoist soldiers. According to the settlement, one
third of them will be integrated into the defense, the
others will receive financial compensation. Their weapons
are handed over to the state, a peace and reconciliation
commission would be formed within a month and all land areas
that the Maoist guerrillas confiscated should be returned to
their previous owners.
Meanwhile, the country's first census of 20 years began.
For the first time, the residents were not limited to
identifying themselves as women or men. By a decision of the
Supreme Court in 2007 on the civil rights of LGBT people, a
third gender was also approved.