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Yearbook 2011

Moldova. In January, Parliament approved the new EU-friendly coalition government formed just before New Year with Vlad Filat as prime minister. The government had 59 of Parliament's 101 seats and thus failed to reach the majority of 61 out of 100 seats required to elect a new president. The two-year political stalemate therefore continued during the year. According to Countryaah official site, the presidential election scheduled for November had to be canceled when no candidate registered, and in a new attempt in December, the acting president Marian Lupu received only 58 votes.

2011 Moldova

In March, Prime Minister Filat threatened to resign because the coalition government could not agree on loan terms from the IMF. Part payment was withheld when the IMF considered that Moldova did not meet the conditions for reforms, including in the energy and education sectors. A settlement was reached in July.

The Moldovan government was keen to speed up cooperation with the EU in the so-called Eastern Partnership, especially in the area of free trade and visa-free travel. But within the EU there were reservations, including requirements for enhanced border control. There was also EU dissatisfaction with the inability to compromise on a new president in Moldova.

Because of the strong opposition of the Orthodox Church, Parliament lacked the majority for a law against discrimination of homosexuals. The government withdrew its proposal from Parliament during the year, but was invited by the EU in October to implement the legislation - a condition for the success of the talks on visa freedom for Moldavians in the EU and for Moldova's plans for future EU membership.

The EU also demanded reform of the judiciary during the year as a condition for EU funding of EUR 550 million. According to a program for the years 2011-13, Moldova will take measures to curb corruption and improve the investment climate in the country.

During the year, the EU allowed Russia to join 5 + 2 talks on the future of the Moldovan outbreak Republic of Transnistria. The talks started in Lithuania's capital Vilnius in December with the participation of Transnistria, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, OSCE and the EU and the US as observers. Russian demilitarization in Transnistria and a solution of the region's political status in relation to Moldova are crucial to Moldova's chances of future EU membership. During Russian-Moldovan talks in Moscow, the Russian Federation declared itself ready to remove its weapons and ammunition depots in Transnistria.

In December, lawyer Yevgeny Shevchuk was elected new president of Transnistria, where Igor Smirnov had ruled for over two decades.

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