Moldova. In January, Parliament approved the new
EU-friendly coalition government formed just before New Year
with Vlad Filat as prime minister. The government had 59 of
Parliament's 101 seats and thus failed to reach the majority
of 61 out of 100 seats required to elect a new president.
The two-year political stalemate therefore continued during
the year. According to
Countryaah official site, the presidential election scheduled for November
had to be canceled when no candidate registered, and in a
new attempt in December, the acting president Marian Lupu
received only 58 votes.
In March, Prime Minister Filat threatened to resign
because the coalition government could not agree on loan
terms from the IMF. Part payment was withheld when the IMF
considered that Moldova did not meet the conditions for
reforms, including in the energy and education sectors. A
settlement was reached in July.
The Moldovan government was keen to speed up cooperation
with the EU in the so-called Eastern Partnership, especially
in the area of free trade and visa-free travel. But within
the EU there were reservations, including requirements for
enhanced border control. There was also EU dissatisfaction
with the inability to compromise on a new president in
Because of the strong opposition of the Orthodox Church,
Parliament lacked the majority for a law against
discrimination of homosexuals. The government withdrew its
proposal from Parliament during the year, but was invited by
the EU in October to implement the legislation - a condition
for the success of the talks on visa freedom for Moldavians
in the EU and for Moldova's plans for future EU membership.
The EU also demanded reform of the judiciary during the
year as a condition for EU funding of EUR 550 million.
According to a program for the years 2011-13, Moldova will
take measures to curb corruption and improve the investment
climate in the country.
During the year, the EU allowed Russia to join 5 + 2
talks on the future of the Moldovan outbreak Republic of
Transnistria. The talks started in Lithuania's capital
Vilnius in December with the participation of Transnistria,
Moldova, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, OSCE and the EU
and the US as observers. Russian demilitarization in
Transnistria and a solution of the region's political status
in relation to Moldova are crucial to Moldova's chances of
future EU membership. During Russian-Moldovan talks in
Moscow, the Russian Federation declared itself ready to
remove its weapons and ammunition depots in Transnistria.
In December, lawyer Yevgeny Shevchuk was elected new
president of Transnistria, where Igor Smirnov had ruled for
over two decades.