Kyrgyzstan. In January, an official investigation into
the bloody riots that haunted the Fergana Valley in the
south came in 2010. The transitional government, which
followed the overthrow of President Kurmanbek Bakijev, was
not considered to have done enough to stop the violence. At
the same time, the report blamed the riots on local Uzbek
leaders as well as supporters and relatives of Bakijev.
Countryaah official site, the Uzbek minority felt unfairly accused, and when
several Uzbek imams were arrested in the Osh region near the
Uzbek border, local protests erupted. Authorities said they
were interfering with terrorist concerns, while the Uzbeks
saw the interventions as a pretext to fight the opposition.
In May, an international report was published, in which
the uz cups were instead described as the main victims of
the violence in 2010. The security forces were accused of
not stopping the violence but instead making it worse.
According to the report, 470 people were killed, close to
2,000 injured and about 400,000 displaced from their homes.
The report's conclusions were rejected by the governing
bodies, and Parliament declared that the President of the
Commission, the OSCE representative and the Finnish Kimmo
Kiljunen, were no longer desirable in the country. But the
government decided on compensation for the families who lost
someone in the violence, or where someone was injured.
Amnesty International expressed concern that those
responsible were not brought to justice, which was
considered to increase the risk of new violence. In October,
presidential elections were held following the
democratization of the country in 2010. A total of 83
candidates signed up, but 16 remained in the end. Many
failed in the Kyrgyz language test required to be approved
as a candidate. In the capital Bishkek, more than a third of
the population is Russian-speaking. The election was held a
year and a half after Bakijev's overthrow, and interim
president Roza Otunbajeva did not stand. The favorite was
Prime Minister and Social Democratic Party leader Almazbek
Atambayev, who belonged to the political elite in Bishkek in
the north and was an opponent of Bakijev. He was challenged
mainly by two politicians originating in the south and with
ties to Bakijev. It was the nationalist Fatherland's
(Ata-Zjurt) leader Kamchybek Tashyev, who exploited
anti-Uzbek sentiments among Kyrgyz voters, and Adacham
Madumarov of nationalist United Kyrgyzstan (Butun).
Atambayev won big already in the first round with just
over 63% of the vote, while Madumarov and Tashyev got just
over 14% each. More than 600 international observers were
present. According to the OSCE, there were significant
irregularities in the counting of votes, and many voters
were not included in the lengths of votes. But the OSCE did
not reject the election, which led to harsh criticism from
the opposition. Tashyev and Madumarov refused to acknowledge
the official result, they claimed electoral fraud and
demanded re-election. Their supporters protested in the
cities of Dzjalal-Abad and Osh in the south. Among other
things, the highway towards Bishkek was blocked.
The government declared during the year that the US air
base in Manas in Kyrgyzstan will be closed in 2014, when the
contract expires and the US military leaves Kyrgyzstan's
neighboring country Afghanistan.
In December, Kyrgyzstan's first peaceful exchange took
place at the presidential post. Interim President Roza
Otunbajeva resigned and was succeeded by the newly elected
Almazbek Atambayev. Subsequently, Republican Party leader
Omurbek Babanov was elected head of government for a new
four-party coalition. Babanov received 113 of Parliament's