Timor. According to Countryaah official site, East Timor applied for membership in the ASEAN regional association in March. Several countries, especially the former occupation authority Indonesia, supported the application while others were more skeptical. ASEAN’s foreign ministers were tasked with investigating whether East Timor has the resources to participate in the cooperation.
UN development program UNDP in January criticized East Timor for insufficient efforts against youth unemployment and for answering war criminals. The Security Council urged the government to decontaminate the police force from suspected police officers before taking over responsibility for enforcing law and order. This happened in March. The UN force UNMIT, consisting mainly of police officers, will remain after the 2012 presidential election, but only to provide training and support to the domestic police.
In May, a court released the Deputy Prime Minister from charges of corruption. Later, however, both the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Finance became subject to judicial inquiry into corruption. Sources within the Fretilin government party said several other ministers were suspected of being involved in questionable affairs, and Secretary-General Mari Alkatiri, the country’s first prime minister, accused Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão of weak leadership.
Corruption is expected to be a major issue ahead of the 2012 elections.
Area: 14,919 km2 (world ranking: 155)
Population density: 87 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 154)
Official languages: Tetum, Portuguese
Gross domestic product: 3.0 billion US $; Real growth: -8.0%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1790 US $
Currency: 1 US dollar (US $) = 100 cents
Kaiserin-Augusta-Allee 112, 10553 Berlin
Telephone 030 20237448
E-Mail : [email protected]
Head of State: Francisco “Lú-Olo” Guterres, Head of Government: José Maria de Vasconcelos “Taur Matan Ruak”, Exterior: Dionísio Babo Soares
National holiday: November 28th. (Declaration of independence 1975)
State and form of government
Constitution of 2002
Parliament (Parlamenta Nacional) with 65 members, election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one re-election)
Right to vote from 17 years
Population: last census 2015 : 1,183,643 pop.
78% Timorians, 20% Indonesians, 2% Chinese
Cities (with population): Pante Macassar As of 2015: 12,421 pop.
Religions: 98% Catholics, 2% Protestants; Minorities of Muslims and followers of indigenous religions (status: 2006)
Languages: Tetum, Portuguese, Bahasa Indonesia; around 30 other languages Employed
By economic sector: No information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.6%
Foreign trade: Import: 780 million US $ (2017); Export: US $ 35 million (2017)