In 2011, Djibouti had a population estimated at over 890,000 people. Its economy was largely reliant on services, exports of livestock and agricultural products. Foreign relations in 2011 were marked by strong ties to African and Middle Eastern countries, particularly those in the Arab League. Politically, the country was a unitary semi-presidential republic ruled by President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh since 1999. The president was assisted by his cabinet and the Parliament which is composed of two chambers; the National Assembly and the Senate. In 2011, Djibouti held its general election in April that year and re-elected President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh with 80% of the vote. See mathgeneral for Djibouti in the year of 2017.
Djibouti. According to Countryaah official site, ten people, including a police officer, were killed in February when security forces with batons and tear gas attacked protesters demanding that the April 8 presidential election be postponed. As the election approached, the opposition called for a boycott in protest of constitutional changes from 2010 that allowed President Ismail Omar Guelleh to be re-elected for a third term in his post. The election was held as planned and Guelleh was re-elected. According to official sources, he got 80.6% of the vote while the only challenger, the independent Mohamed Warsama Ragueh, got 19.4%. The turnout was 75%. A police officer was killed and several protesters were arrested in connection with riots after the election. Visit ABBREVIATIONFINDER for the acronym of DJU that stands for the country of Djibouti.
Since the country is relatively small, it is located in a uniform climate zone and does not have any major climatic differences. On the coast there is midsummer for European terms all year round, Djibouti City is one of the hottest cities in Africa. In January, temperatures in the Djibouti area range between 27 and 30 ° C, while at night it cools down to around 20–22 ° C. From April, temperatures begin to skyrocket, reaching 39–42 ° C from June to August. At night, the temperature usually does not drop below 30 ° C. Only from October do temperatures begin to level off again around the 30 ° C mark. The heat records in Djibouti are 45.9 ° C for the months of June and July and 45.8 ° C for August. The absolute minimum is 16 ° C, which was measured in January and February nights.
The humidity is rather high all year round, with 70 to 75% in the winter months and a small drop to around 45% in midsummer. This often makes the heat unbearable. Precipitation is limited all year round, with an average of only 15 days of rain, a total of 140–170 mm. The sparse rain is most likely to fall in winter or during thunderstorms.
Sea temperatures are around 25–27 ° C in winter and often reach 30 ° C in summer. Morning winter fog is common along the coasts. The depressions and the salt pans, especially around Lake Assal, have similar climatic conditions. The hinterland (e.g. Danakil Mountains), which is sometimes 500 to almost 2000 m high, is a little more humid, but rain only falls here in rare downpours. Temperatures continue to drop at night; during the day, except at high altitudes, the values are roughly the same as on the coast.