Chad. After many delays, the regime in February conducted the country’s first parliamentary elections in eight years. Since President Idriss Déby 2010 improved relations with Sudan, where Chadian rebel camps were previously allowed, the security situation was calmer. Before the election, the opposition accused the state election commission’s chief of cheating with candidate lists and demanded his resignation. The regime surprisingly agreed to it. But in the election, President Déby’s party of the Patriotic Rescue Movement (MPS) prevailed, according to official results. The MPS received 110 of Parliament’s 188 seats, and a further 21 seats went to parties allied with Déby. According to Countryaah official site, most successful in the opposition was the National Union for Development and Renewal, which took 11 seats.
The leading opposition parties accused Déby’s party of rigging the election. Some results were also declared invalid after the Constitutional Court found irregularities. But the opposition did not hear of its demands for reform of the electoral system ahead of the next presidential election. Among other things, the requirement for reprinting of voting cards was rejected after finding old voting cards for sale on the market in the capital N’Djamena.
Three of the most important opposition leaders, Ngarlejy Yorongar, Saleh Kebzabo and Wadal Kamougue, therefore boycotted the presidential election in April, and Déby had only two counter-candidates and these came from small parties. According to the Election Commission, Déby won with 89% of the vote, a result that was questioned by the opposition and election observers. Later, the Constitutional Court ruled that Déby won by 83.6%. The turnout was 55.6%.
After more than 20 years in power, Déby had thus been re-elected for a fourth term. He himself emphasized that the country’s oil income gave the people new schools, hospitals and roads, and in addition, the civil disputes had diminished. But despite oil revenues, Chadian society had remained one of the poorest in Africa. During an international campaign to vaccinate children in the poorest countries, it was found that Chad was the country with the highest proportion of unvaccinated children, 77%.
Many Chadians who applied to North Africa as guest workers tried to escape the uprising there at the beginning of the year, mainly from Libya, where the opposition accused black Africans of being mercenaries in al-Khadaffi’s service. About 40,000 Chadians fled south from the civil war in Libya in very difficult desert conditions. The guest workers’ flight meant major deterioration for families in Chad who lived on home money.
In July, Senegal announced that it would extradite former Chadian President Hissène Habré to Chad, where he is accused of the death and torture of tens of thousands of opponents during his time in power. However, Senegal later amended the decision to extradite Habré since the UN Human Rights Commissioner expressed concern that Habré would be tortured in Chad.