The city of Caracas occupies the entire Libertador Municipality of the Capital District and part of the Miranda State, specifically the Baruta, Chacao, El Hatillo and Sucre municipalities, which make up the Metropolitan District of Caracas, which enjoys legal personality and autonomy within the limits of the Constitution and the law.
According to politicsezine, the Metropolitan Mayor is the first civil, political and administrative authority of the city of Caracas, just as the municipal Mayors are in each of the municipalities that comprise it. The Metropolitan District of Caracas is organized in a municipal government system at two levels: the metropolitan or district and the municipal.
Each of these public offices, both of the Mayor, the other municipal mayors, and both metropolitan and municipal councilors, are of popular, universal, direct and secret election, for a period of four years, and may be re-elected and revoked in the middle. of their terms by a simple majority of the electors.
The metropolitan level is made up of an executive body and a legislative body, whose jurisdiction includes the entire metropolitan area of Caracas. Its government, administration and coordination corresponds to the Mayor, today in the figure of the citizen Antonio Ledezma, elected in 2008 with more than 52% of the votes.
In the case of the four municipalities in the east of the city, the Mayor performs first-level municipal government and coordination functions, since the authority of these municipalities rests mainly with the Miranda State Government. In this way, the Metropolitan Mayor’s Office, according to the 1999 Constitution, seeks the harmonious growth and integral development of the city, without eliminating the Capital District, or sectioning off part of the Miranda State.
The legislative function of the city corresponds to the Metropolitan Council of Caracas, made up of Metropolitan Councilors.
|Councilors||Party / Alliance|
|Adolfo Padrón||Democratic Action Party|
|Andres Eloy Bello||Justice First|
|Edinson ferrer||Justice First|
|Freddy guevara||A New Time|
|Gladis Castillo||A New Time|
|Luis Velasquez||A New Time|
|Marisela boada goyo||PSUV|
|Maximum Sánchez Brandt||Justice First|
In the case of the Libertador municipality of Caracas, the only member of the Capital District, the executive authority rests with the head of government of the Capital District, (from April of 2009 Jacqueline Faria) appointed by the President of the Republic.
According to Article 3 of the Capital District Law, the legislative function is exercised directly by the Republic through the National Assembly of Venezuela.
Before the creation of the Metropolitan District, the Federal District (current Capital District) had a Governor appointed by the President of the Republic, while the Caracas municipalities of the Miranda State governed with their respective mayors in isolation, without any coordinating entity.. In April 2009 the National Assembly of Venezuela reformed the Capital District Law, legalizing the constitution of a “head of Government” or “governor” for the Libertador municipality designated by the National Executive, which reduces powers and budget to the Mayor’s Office. The reform of the law was rejected by Mayor Antonio Ledezma and the opposition, which they branded as “illegal”, as a “political retaliation” and a “ignorance of the popular will”; For the ruling party, it is about filling a gap in the authority of the Capital District (which had no authority since 1999) and a legal and constitutional action in accordance with the provisions of article 156 of the constitution:
In turn, each municipality is divided into parishes, the lowest assigned political-territorial rank, created in order to decentralize the municipal administration. The parishes are considered local demarcations created in order to decentralize the municipal administration and for the division of Civil Headquarters, which are equivalent to local courts in charge of the legal field. These localities do not have an administrative scope, and are in turn divided into neighborhoods and urbanizations. In Caracas there are 32 parishes, which are:
|1. January 232. High grace
|1. Car2. El Cafetal
3. The Junquito
4. The Paradise
7. Rows of Mariche
8. The Dolorita
|1. Shepherdess2. The Vega
3. The Mines of Baruta
4. Leoncio Martinez
6. Our Lady of the Rosary of Baruta
8. San Agustin
|1. Saint Bernardine2. Saint Joseph
3. San Juan
4. Saint peter
5. Santa Rosalia
6. Santa Rosalía of Palermo
7. Santa Teresa