Burundi. The year was marked by an increasingly harsh political climate and widespread fear among the civilian population and within the political opposition. Several massacres were carried out by unknown persons and it was unclear if the perpetrators were criminals or if a new armed rebel movement was emerging. The worst single attack happened in September, when about 40 people were shot dead in a bar just outside the capital Bujumbura.
A new law that would tighten the conditions for the political parties was approved by both chambers of Parliament but remained pending with President Pierre Nkurunziza, who must sign it in order for it to take effect. The law, if finally adopted, increases the number of founding members that a party must account for in order to be registered, from 102 to 1,700. Organized cooperation between parties is prohibited, except before general elections. The Minister of the Interior must also ensure that all parties follow their own statutes. The already existing parties that do not meet all the requirements within six months after the law comes into force, are at risk of being dissolved.
According to Countryaah official site, foreign policy during the year, Burundi strengthened its relations with South Africa, the country’s most important partner on the continent. A series of cooperation agreements in the areas of defense, education and agriculture were signed at a visit in August by South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma.
Burundi – Gitega
Central African Republic – Bangui
Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic; 734,400 residents (2013). Bangui, located on the river Oubangui, is the country’s administrative center and market center for the surrounding agricultural district. The city has a river port that handles the country’s exports of cotton, coffee, sisal and wood via the Oubangui and Congo rivers. Bangui has a rail link with Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire in Congo and a ferry connection with Zongo in Congo (Kinshasa). In the city there are bands other university (founded in 1969). Recurring unrest 1996–2003 has paralyzed much of the city.