Burundi. The year was marked by an increasingly harsh political climate and widespread fear among the civilian population and within the political opposition. Several massacres were carried out by unknown persons and it was unclear if the perpetrators were criminals or if a new armed rebel movement was emerging. The worst single attack happened in September, when about 40 people were shot dead in a bar just outside the capital Bujumbura. Visit ABBREVIATIONFINDER for the acronym of BDI that stands for the country of Burundi.
A new law that would tighten the conditions for the political parties was approved by both chambers of Parliament but remained pending with President Pierre Nkurunziza, who must sign it in order for it to take effect. The law, if finally adopted, increases the number of founding members that a party must account for in order to be registered, from 102 to 1,700. Organized cooperation between parties is prohibited, except before general elections. The Minister of the Interior must also ensure that all parties follow their own statutes. The already existing parties that do not meet all the requirements within six months after the law comes into force, are at risk of being dissolved.
According to Countryaah official site, foreign policy during the year, Burundi strengthened its relations with South Africa, the country’s most important partner on the continent. A series of cooperation agreements in the areas of defense, education and agriculture were signed at a visit in August by South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma.
Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic; 734,400 residents (2013). Bangui, located on the river Oubangui, is the country’s administrative center and market center for the surrounding agricultural district. The city has a river port that handles the country’s exports of cotton, coffee, sisal and wood via the Oubangui and Congo rivers. Bangui has a rail link with Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire in Congo and a ferry connection with Zongo in Congo (Kinshasa). In the city there are bands other university (founded in 1969). Recurring unrest 1996–2003 has paralyzed much of the city.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Internal state of East Africa. At the last census (1990) the population was 5,292,793 residents, Which has risen well over 7 million (7,548,000 residents) At the latest population estimates (2005); the density is therefore very high and Burundi continues to be one of the most densely populated countries in the entire African continent.
After ten years of civil war, the albeit fragile peace process initiated has opened a prospect of return for the hundreds of refugees in neighboring countries and for refugees within the same country. According to some estimates, the population of the capital, Bujumbura, which at the census was 235,440 residents, Had risen to about 319,000 at the end of the last century, while the total urban population represented just 10% of the total. Burundi is by far one of the poorest countries in Africa and in the whole world. The dramatic situation of indigence of the population was aggravated by the recurring tribal crises and by the climate of insecurity and conflict that characterized political life and which the final ceasefire agreement signed in 2003 has absolutely not resolved. The foreign debt of Burundi has remained very high, the informal sector involves on average all the territorial components of the country and a large part of the population is underemployed and lives from a stunted agriculture, if not from marginal activities and expedients. The main crops (coffee, tea, cotton, sugar cane, oil palm, tobacco) have not regained the level of production prior to the civil war and, since 1997, the international price of coffee (the main export resource) experienced a steady decline. The return to a climate of normality should favor the resumption of operations to exploit the rich nickel deposits (whose deposits have been estimated at 5 % of world reserves), while the presence of energy sources has been ascertained in the subsoil. In 2003, according to World Bank estimates, per capita income was around $ 100, life expectancy at birth 42 years for men and 44 years for women, infant mortality 106% and 50%.% of the population was illiterate (2000-2005).