Angola. After 32 years in power, Angola President José Eduardo dos Santos is one of Africa’s most long-serving heads of state, but during the year his position began to be challenged. Inspired by the riots in several North African countries, oppositionists, mainly young people without party political ties, organized a series of demonstrations demanding reform. As in North Africa, the participants gathered after a call via social media or text messages. The street protests were usually quickly dispelled by police, and a number of people were sentenced to shorter prison sentences. In October, however, 18 young people were released by the Supreme Court, which found that the evidence against them for disturbing the public order was not enough.
According to Countryaah official site, Angola is one of Africa’s largest oil and gas producers and the state is withdrawing huge sums. Yet two-thirds of the population lives in extreme poverty. Large sums are suspected to end up with the governing bodies, but significant sums are also invested on upgrading the war-torn infrastructure. Among other things, Chinese companies are restoring the country’s rail network at a total cost of US $ 4 billion. A first stretch of 42 km between the capital Luanda and Malanje in the east was reopened in January.
Angola’s newfound wealth also made the country promise in December to try to help the former colonial power Portugal out of its economic crisis. Angola has made major investments in Portugal for several years and is now believed to be interested in buying state-owned companies to be privatized.
Area: 1,246,700 km2 (world rank: 22)
Population density: 24 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 46)
Official languages: Portuguese
Gross domestic product: 124.2 billion US $; Real growth: 0.7%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 3330
Currency: 1 Kwanza (Kz) = 100 Cêntimos
Wallstr. 58, 10179 Berlin
Telephone 030 2408970,
Fax 030 24089712
Head of State and Government: João LourençoBornito de Sousa, Outside: Manuel Domingos Augusto
National Day: 11.11.
State and form of government
Constitution of 2010
Parliament: National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) with 220 members, election every 5 years
Head of state becomes first on the list of the party that wins parliamentary elections for 5 years, max. 2 terms of office
18 and over.
last count 2014: 25789024 residents approximately 90 ethnic groups (especially Bantu): 38% Ovimbundu / Umbundu, 23% Mbundu / Kimbundu, 12% Bakongo / Kikongo;. Luimbe-Nganguela, Humbe, Chokwe, Lunda, Ambo / Ovambo, Naneka, San and others
Cities (with population): Cabinda 2014: 598,210 residents.
Religions: 41% Catholics, 38% Protestants, 12% atheists and others; Followers of indigenous religions (as of 2006)
Languages: Portuguese; Bantu languages, etc.
Employed by economic sector: No information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 31.7%
Foreign trade: Import: 19.5 billion US $ (2017); Export: 33.1 billion US $ (2017)