Vanuatu. The year was marked by political and
constitutional crises. On April 24, the newly elected Prime
Minister Sato Kilman was cast in a vote of no confidence in
Parliament. He had only held the post since December 2010,
when he himself replaced Edward Natapei who was also
petitioned by a vote of confidence. According to
Countryaah official site, Serge Vohor was elected
new Prime Minister after Kilman, who was thus given the post
for the fourth time.
Barely three weeks later, May 19, Sato Kilman was
re-elected prime minister with the same government he had
previously. This happened after a decision by an appellate
court. Kilman and his supporters had appealed there because
they believed that the vote of no confidence in April
violated the Constitution. The Court ruled that the vote was
illegal because Kilman had not been voted out by an absolute
majority of MPs. The number of members who voted against him
was 26, but according to the rule of absolute majority, 27
votes would have been required by Parliament's 52. Serge
Vohor welcomed the ruling and said that the Vanuatu people
could be proud of having a functioning constitution.
Only a month later, the Constitution came into effect
again. On June 20, the Supreme Court annulled Kilman's
election as prime minister in December 2010. According to
the court, the election was unconstitutional because it had
not been by a closed vote, which the Constitution requires.
Edward Natapei was appointed acting prime minister until
Parliament could elect a new regular prime minister. The
vote was held on June 26. Then Sato Kilman was re-elected
prime minister. He took home 29 votes and head opponent
Serge Vohor got 23.