Romania. In April, the European Commission declared that
all EU countries must present national strategies during the
year on how Roma are to be integrated and their living
conditions improved. According to
Countryaah official site, the Romania have worse opportunities in
terms of education, health care, housing and access to work,
according to the Commission, which identified Romania and
Bulgaria as the countries where discrimination is the worst.
The year was marked by continued financial tightening for
an already pressed Romanian people. The measures were a
prerequisite for Romania to obtain its loans from the
International Monetary Fund (IMF), necessary to cover the
large budget deficit and eventually remove it.
Among the severely criticized decisions were the halt to
pension increases for those who have retired in the last ten
years. The protests were met by President Traian Băsescu,
arguing that Romania would go bankrupt if the country
continued to borrow for pensions and government employees'
salaries. The public servants lost, among other things.
holiday allowance and overtime allowance. It was a big
disappointment for Romania when in September the country was
refused from the EU for membership in the Schengen passport
union. Romania, like Bulgaria, had fulfilled the conditions,
but two countries vetoed it, Finland and the Netherlands.
They considered that the border control of Romania and
Bulgaria at the EU's external border was not effective
enough. In Romania, the opposition demanded that the
responsible Ministers for Home Affairs,
When King Mikael (Mihai) turned 90 in October, he was
invited to speak before the Romanian Parliament. He
emphasized, among other things, the need for better
political leadership and more democracy, a message that
President Băsescu and several ministers boycotted. It was
the first time Mikael spoke in Parliament since he was
forced to leave the throne in 1947.