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Peru

Yearbook 2011

Peru. The election year 2011 was filled with political drama in Peru. The second round of the presidential election June 5 was won by the controversial Ollanta Humala with 52% of the votes cast over Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori. Humala's victory was seen as a sign that the left wave that swept across Latin America in the last decade reached Peru, too, and it was especially the rural poor who made the decision in Humala's favor. He won big in most poor provinces in the highlands, while Fujimori won in the metropolitan area around Lima. Humala was sworn in as Peru's 94th president on July 28.

2011 Peru

However, the fears of a radical left-wing revolution under Humala, which was partly due to possible ties to the extreme ethnocentrism represented by Brother Antauro, came to shame. Although Humala repeated his promises of poverty reduction and social change, his usual nationalist rhetoric was transformed into a more modest consensus-seeking image during the election campaign.

In Congress, however, Humala's coalition Gana Perú had only 36% of seats, and his attempt to form an alliance with Perú Posible to secure a majority position failed.

According to Countryaah official site, the government's position was also weakened by the conflict over the gold and copper mine of Conga in the province of Cajamarca. US mining company Newmont Mining's plans to invest $ 5 billion in the mine, the largest investment in the mineral industry in Peru's history, were met by violent protests from the local population that were concerned about the project's environmental impact. Humala, which has hitherto highlighted the mining industry as Peru's main growth engine and source of income for social reform, was forced on November 29 to stop all operations at Conga.

However, continued protests in early December led to the government declaring a three-month disaster state in the region. It all led to the resignation of Prime Minister Salomón Lerner on December 10, after which the entire government also resigned. Lerner was replaced by Oscar Valdés.

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