Mali. According to
Countryaah official site, Prime Minister Modibo Sidibé resigned in March
after three and a half years in his post. No explanation was
given, but it was speculated that he planned to run in the
2012 presidential election. She had previously worked as an
expert in the presidential office, but also for brief
periods was planning minister and minister for rural
An increased terror threat worried the authorities. In
July, the army claimed to have attacked the al-Qaeda
terrorist group in Islamic Maghreb when it tried to
establish a base in a forest area near the Mauritania
border, with all judging to be able to carry out attacks on
the neighboring country. At the end of November, al-Qaeda
robbed five tourists, including a Swedish, in northern Mali
and killed a German man. Nothing emerged during the rest of
the year about the condition of the abducted.
The revolt in Libya, which led to the fall of dictator
Muammar al-Khadaffi, led hundreds of Tuaregs serving in
al-Khadaffi's security forces to return to Mali and
neighboring Niger. There were reports that many joined the
Tuareg rebel groups that had observed a ceasefire in recent
years. The government and the military leadership in Mali
feared that these groups would be radicalized and take up
arms again. Despite previous peace settlements, the
dissatisfaction among the Tuareg governments, which felt
overruled by the state powers, never settled.
Amnesty International writes in its 1992 report on the
imprisonment of several suspected oppositionists without
charges or verdict. In addition, 14 death sentences were
sentenced, all of which were turned into life imprisonment.
The military also executed several dozen members of the
Tuareg community without trial, the AI report concludes.
In March 1993, a group of students occupied the state
radio, and in April large demonstrations were held against
the government's economic policy. Supported by the foreign
financial institutions, Konaré continued the liberalization
of the economy that Traoré had started. The president
changed the tax system, reduced government spending,
privatized state-owned enterprises and removed control over
In February 1994, new demonstrations were conducted
against the government. On the 15th, all educational
institutions - except the primary school - were closed. Some
observers reported on secret armed groups that had plans to
attack property, belonging to Mali's main foreign creditors.
In June, the government signed an agreement with MFUA,
one of the rebel Tuaregs' main groups. Despite the
agreement, the violent events continued. In one of these in
the cities of Gao and Beher, the police crackdown cost 200
people, including women and children.
In 1995, the government continued negotiations with other
rebel Tuareg groups and with neighboring countries to open
the way for the 120,000 Tuareg refugees in Algeria, Burkina
Faso and Mauritania to return home. In October, a
repatriation program was started, extending over 3 years.
The IMF approved the country's third annual Structural
Adjustment Program and foreign investors began to take an
interest in Mali after new gold deposits were discovered.
A new peace agreement was signed on March 27, 1996. It
put an end to the conflict between state and Tuareg. The
government secured the return of 25,000 refugees from Niger.
The deal also meant the demobilization of 2,700 partisans.
In May 1997, Alpha Oumar Konaré was elected President
with 95.9% of the valid votes. In the July and August
parliamentary elections, the ruling ADEMA won 130 of the
seats in the new parliament. In both cases, the opposition
boycotted the elections and turnout was sparse.
The opposition boycott of the elections coincided with an
increase in street violence, which led to the resignation of
Prime Minister Keita and his government in late 1997. A
group of intellectuals demanded the release of several
opposition leaders to reduce tension. Nevertheless, the
president again appointed Keita as prime minister, and this
appointed a new government.
In March 1998, the government postponed indefinitely the
local elections scheduled for holding on April 19. According
to the government, the postponement was because it would
give the opposition better time to participate after parts
of the opposition had already announced its boycott of the
election. The election was later held in June and gave the
incumbent government the victory. The opposition had
boycotted the election, citing that no freedom of expression
existed in the country. The production of rice increased
sharply this year, and at the same time the government
initiated a privatization of the state companies in
electricity and water.
In January 1999, Moussa Traore and his wife were
sentenced to death on charges of enrichment and abuse of
trust. However, the sentence was subsequently turned into
life imprisonment. In August, the trade union movement
achieved a 7% increase in salaries for government employees,
after striking for 2 days in July. In October, the country
was shaken by a multi-day strike among health care workers.
In January 2000, a coup attempt was thwarted, but a few
days later the president decided to incorporate a number of
officers into the government. In February, Prime Minister
Ibrahim Boubacar resigned after being accused in the press
of being ineffective in combating poverty. In his place was
appointed Mande Sidibe, an economist and former employee of