Malaysia. According to
Countryaah official site, the government coalition that has ruled
Malaysia since independence in 1957 won in the regional
elections held in the state of Sarawak on Borneo in April.
But most ethnic Chinese - a large minority - voted for the
opposition, just as in the national election of 2008. The
ethnic minorities' large support for the opposition then
prompted the government to promulgate changes in regulations
that favor ethnic Malays, but not much had happened.
Prime Minister Najib Razak pledged in November to change
the exception laws that have been in place for decades and
that make it possible to keep people incarcerated without
trial. A ban for students to engage politically would also
be abolished. The opposition accused the government of
making false promises to strengthen its position and then
announce new elections.
The trial of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim ended in
December, after nearly two years. They were expected after
New Year. In August, the defendant himself had to speak for
the first time, and he then read for over an hour from a
written text. Anwar dismissed all allegations of gay
relationships, calling it "a vicious and desperate attempt
at character assassination". The charge was sparked after
the 2008 election, when Anwar made an opposition alliance
that made great progress, however, without defeating the
government coalition that has led the country since 1957.
Homosexuality is prohibited in Malaysia and can be
punishable by up to 20 years in prison.
In an effort to combat obesity and obesity, the
government decided that students' body weight index (BMI)
should be reported in the grades. The teachers will have to
measure the length and weight of the students to calculate
the index. According to the Ministry of Health, Malaysia has
the highest proportion of overweight in Southeast Asia.
The Conservative Alliance Party had ruled the country by
a large majority since independence in 1957, but by the
election of 69, it lost ground to the Islamic Party and the
Democratic Action Party, which was predominantly Chinese and
Gerakan. Parliament was disbanded and for the next two years
the country was ruled by a National Operations Council.
Although the Malay constituted half of the population in
1970, they accounted for only 1% of economic activity, which
was the reason for considerable dissatisfaction. Therefore,
a New Economic Policy was formulated which aimed at the
Malay and other bumiputeras - sons of the earth and
indigenous peoples - in 1990 accounting for 30% of
economic activity and reducing the share of foreign capital
in economic activity to 30 %. This economic policy was
followed for the next two decades. The state-owned companies
representing bumiputeras acquired shares in British
companies, mining companies and entered into joint
ventures with foreign multinational companies.
BumiputerasIn this way, participation in the economy
reached 20% in 89, while foreign capital was reduced to less
than 40%. But at the same time, there are often protests
from the Chinese population that it is being discriminated
against in the labor market, in the education system and in
economic activities. In June 1991, Prime Minister Mahathir
Mohamad proposed in Parliament a new National Development
Project to stimulate the private sector. The project favors
foreign investment with the goal of raising living standards
among all the ethnic groups in the country.
At the political level, the communist uprising gradually
disintegrated, despite a brief surge in the mid-1970s. The
MCP had established bases in the border area against
Thailand, and from there took action, but in 77 the Thai and
Malaysian military jointly carried out purification
operations in the area, thus crushing the last remnants of
In 1981, Mahathir bin Mohamad was appointed prime
minister and embarked on a comprehensive industrialization
program. In the late 1980s, he faced increasing problems
with the leadership of the UMNO - the largest coalition
party. His opponents formed a new opposition party, Semangat
46, which in 1990 created a broad opposition coalition
consisting of the Islamic PAS, the Democratic Action Party
and the small left-wing People's Party.
The Internal Security Act, which is still in force,
allows detainees to be detained for up to 2 years without
any legal action being taken against them. During Mahathir's
reign in the 1980s, the number of political prisoners was
reduced from 1,000 to a few hundred, but in 87, 150 people
were arrested - including opposition leaders and social
organizations. In 88, the judgment chairman and three other
judges of the Supreme Court replaced by a conflict between
the judicial and executive power. Sectors within the
opposition and the legal stand criticized the government for
threatening the independence of the judiciary. The press and
public meetings are also subject to prior censorship.
After independence, Malaysia settled on a strong,
pro-national foreign policy line, but in the 1980s it became
more Third World oriented. In 90, Kuala Lumpur hosted the
opening conference in 15 countries. consists of India,
Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Venezuela, Tanzania and Senegal.
The group aims to promote concrete south-south cooperation
projects. It also played a prominent role in the South
Commission and also supported the PLO and ANC in their
nationalist and anti-racist struggles. Mahathir, therefore,
emerged in the early 90s as a leader working for the Third
Malaysia is the world's largest exporter of tropical
wood. A product that is increasingly in demand by the
industrialized countries - especially Japan. In 89, Malaysia
exported wood worth $ 2.6 billion. More than 80% of the
exported wood comes from Sarawak and Sabah on Borneo. Every
year 5,000 km 2 of rainforest is cleared to meet
the needs of export markets.