Greenland. At the beginning of the year came new warnings
about the effects of climate warming in Greenland. The
glaciers had melted record-breaking in the past year,
according to a study published in Environmental Research
Letters. The ice melt had lasted 50 days longer than the
annual average for three decades. According to climate
researchers, the ever-faster melting of Greenlandic glaciers
could lead to a global increase in sea level by 90-160
centimeters until the next turn of the century.
In March, Greenland requested that Denmark investigate
whether the US intelligence service CIA carried prisoners in
Greenlandic, Faroese or Danish airspace. It is known that
CIA planes landed in Greenland for refueling. At the end of
the year, Denmark agreed to an investigation into the CIA's
According to the United States Geological Institute, one
fifth of the world's recoverable hydrocarbon reserves are in
the Arctic, and the US was said to have shown growing
interest in Greenland's possible oil and gas resources
during the year. Seven major oil companies were allowed to
search for deposits outside Greenland, but only Scottish
Cairn Energy drilled and searched down to one and a half
kilometers deep, which no one in the Arctic has done before.
In May, Greenpeace activists managed to occupy a
Norwegian oil rig hired by Cairn Energy for drilling outside
Greenland. After blocking the oil rig's work for four days,
the activists were arrested by Greenland police. Cairn
Energy sued Greenpeace and claimed damages of up to two
million British pounds a day if the oil rig's work was
further hindered. Greenpeace requested that the company
present a disaster plan, as oil spills in the cold Arctic
waters are considered near enough impossible to clean up.
Cairn Energy's wells outside Greenland during two seasons
were estimated to cost about SEK 4 billion.
At the Danish parliamentary elections in September, the
two Greenlandic seats went to the left-wing party Inuit
Ataqatigiit and Social Democratic Siumut respectively.