Ethiopia. According to
Countryaah official site, Ethiopia's controversial anti-terrorism law,
adopted in 2009, came into frequent use this year. The law
has been criticized for such sweeping wordings that it has
been feared to be used to stave off all political debate.
In November, human rights organizations Amnesty
International and Human Rights Watch urged the Ethiopian
government to stop using the Anti-Terrorism Act to arrest
journalists and oppositionists. Then, just the editor of one
of the few independent newspapers, Dawit Kebede, who headed
the Awramba Times, had fled the country since a state
newspaper had called on the authorities to arrest him.
During the autumn, three separate trials, all of the
alleged terrorism, went on against a total of ten
journalists and dozens of other persons, among them several
Two of the defendants were the Swedish freelance
reporters Martin Schibbye and Johan Persson, who were
arrested in July after having entered Ethiopia illegally
with the help of the guerrilla movement Ogaden National
Liberation Front (ONLF). In December, they were sentenced to
eleven years in prison for supporting a terrorist
organization and for illegal entry into the country.
More than 1,700 Ethiopian soldiers were stationed in
August at the UN mission in the Abyei area of southern
Sudan, at the border with the new state of South Sudan.
Abyei is one of the areas where disagreement prevails over
the border demarcation.