El Salvador. A constitutional dispute dominated the year in El Salvador. According to Countryaah official site, President Mauricio Funes and Congress were behind a decree, issued in early June, which forced the Supreme Court to just make decisions unanimously and not by majority. In practice, it would paralyze the court’s work. The popular opinion and grassroots organizations protested loudly against what they saw as a threat to democracy in the form of pressure on the judicial power of the two other branches of power. Only when the two largest parties in Congress, the right-wing party ARENA (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista) and the left-wing party FMLN (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional), withdrew from the proposal, it fell by a vote on July 27. Both parties tried to take credit for stopping the unpopular proposal but in turn were accused of conversion under the gallows.
Behind President Fune’s proposal lay his endeavor to change the constitution, among other things. to allow direct re-election of a sitting president. Many drew parallels with a similar constitutional crisis that took place in neighboring Honduras and which led to a military coup there in June 2009, but developments in El Salvador became considerably calmer. Instead, the government party’s efforts during the remainder of the year focused on the constitutional reforms as such and the creation of a constitutional court.
Otherwise, the security situation was the government’s major problem during the year. Although the murder rate fell slightly from 71 per 100,000 residents in 2009 to 66 the following year, it was still highest in Central America after Honduras. The opposition party ARENA even demanded a new peace agreement because, it was claimed, organized crime was waging a war against society and the 1992 peace agreement applied to something else. President Funes, in a speech to the nation, was forced to propose new measures on June 1. forced recruitment to the army of young people at risk to prevent them from becoming trapped in youth gangs.