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Colombia

Yearbook 2011

Colombia. During the year, the government was able to note further important successes in the fight against the left-wing guerrilla FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia), which has fought for 50 years. In recent years, the military has succeeded in tracking down and killing several senior FARC leaders. In early November, the government announced that during "Operation Odysseus" they succeeded in killing none other than the group's top leader Alfonso Cano during an escape between the cities of Suárez and Morales in the province of Cauca in southwestern Colombia. From several directions, calls were made to President Juan Manuel Santos to seize the opportunity and start peace talks, which the President however rejected with reference to the fact that the FARC is terrorists. No peace will be heard from FARC either, but the day after Cano's death, the guerrilla secretariat announced that 52-year-old Rodrigo Londoño, alias "Timochenko", FARC:

2011 Colombia

According to Countryaah official site, the military's success in the fight against the FARC during Santo's presidential term has dramatically increased the president's popularity. According to an opinion poll shortly after Cano's death, he was supported by a full 83%. Santos said he wanted to defeat the "enemy" until 2014, and instead called organized crime the country's biggest problem. But assessors believed that FARC would pass through this crisis just as they have done so many times before. Kidnappings and attacks on the energy sector increased, for example. during the year.

Santo's popularity also characterized the regional elections on October 30. His main political opponent, former president Álvaro Uribe, saw his candidates defeated in several cities. The election of Gustavo Petro as the country's second most important political office, the mayor's post in the capital Bogotá, was not only a major setback for Uribe's favorite Enrique Peñalosa, but also an important political signal to the entire war-torn country - Petro is a former guerrilla warrior who put down arms and became civilian politician. President Santos was not late to cite Petro as an example to follow for the country's remaining leftist guerrillas. In the governor elections held at the same time, Partido Liberal (PL) became the big winner with a win in six provinces, while Partido de la U won the most mayor posts.

In November, tens of thousands of university students went on demonstrations in the country's largest cities in protest of what they perceived as a threatening privatization of higher education. The demonstrations were clearly inspired by the long student strike in Chile and were interrupted only after a promise that the privatization plans were withdrawn. At the beginning of the year, Colombia was hit by heavy rains and floods, which only killed 100 people in April and left 70,000 homeless.

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