Chad. After many delays, the regime in February conducted
the country's first parliamentary elections in eight years.
Since President Idriss Déby 2010 improved relations with
Sudan, where Chadian rebel camps were previously allowed,
the security situation was calmer. Before the election, the
opposition accused the state election commission's chief of
cheating with candidate lists and demanded his resignation.
The regime surprisingly agreed to it. But in the election,
President Déby's party of the Patriotic Rescue Movement
(MPS) prevailed, according to official results. The MPS
received 110 of Parliament's 188 seats, and a further 21
seats went to parties allied with Déby. According to
Countryaah official site, most successful in
the opposition was the National Union for Development and
Renewal, which took 11 seats.
The leading opposition parties accused Déby's party of
rigging the election. Some results were also declared
invalid after the Constitutional Court found irregularities.
But the opposition did not hear of its demands for reform of
the electoral system ahead of the next presidential
election. Among other things, the requirement for reprinting
of voting cards was rejected after finding old voting cards
for sale on the market in the capital N'Djamena.
Three of the most important opposition leaders, Ngarlejy
Yorongar, Saleh Kebzabo and Wadal Kamougue, therefore
boycotted the presidential election in April, and Déby had
only two counter-candidates and these came from small
parties. According to the Election Commission, Déby won with
89% of the vote, a result that was questioned by the
opposition and election observers. Later, the Constitutional
Court ruled that Déby won by 83.6%. The turnout was 55.6%.
After more than 20 years in power, Déby had thus been
re-elected for a fourth term. He himself emphasized that the
country's oil income gave the people new schools, hospitals
and roads, and in addition, the civil disputes had
diminished. But despite oil revenues, Chadian society had
remained one of the poorest in Africa. During an
international campaign to vaccinate children in the poorest
countries, it was found that Chad was the country with the
highest proportion of unvaccinated children, 77%.
Many Chadians who applied to North Africa as guest
workers tried to escape the uprising there at the beginning
of the year, mainly from Libya, where the opposition accused
black Africans of being mercenaries in al-Khadaffi's
service. About 40,000 Chadians fled south from the civil war
in Libya in very difficult desert conditions. The guest
workers' flight meant major deterioration for families in
Chad who lived on home money.
In July, Senegal announced that it would extradite former
Chadian President Hissène Habré to Chad, where he is accused
of the death and torture of tens of thousands of opponents
during his time in power. However, Senegal later amended the
decision to extradite Habré since the UN Human Rights
Commissioner expressed concern that Habré would be tortured